10% reservation for General Category : Are you eligible for 10% reservation in General category? Here are the criteria


The Union Cabinet has approved 10 per cent reservation in jobs and educational institutions for the economically backward section in the general category, sources said Monday.

The Union Cabinet has approved 10 per cent reservation in jobs and educational institutions for the economically backward section in the general category, sources said Monday.
The government is likely to bring a constitutional amendment bill in Parliament on Tuesday, they said, adding that the quota will be over and above the existing 50 per cent reservation.

The section doesn’t get reservation as of now, the sources said.

“The reservation will be given to those economically backward poor people who are not availing the benefit of reservation as of now,” a source explained.

The reservation benefit is likely to be availed by those whose annual income is below Rs 8 lakh and have up to five acres of land, he said.


1. What are the criteria for qualify as EBC?

What are the criteria for qualify as EBC?

1) Annual income below Rs 8 lakh per annum

2) Agricultural land below 5 acre

3) Residential area below 1000 square feet

4) Residential plot below 109 yards in notified municipality

5) Residential plot below 209 yards in non-notified municipality area


2. What it means?

What it means?

In a major move ahead of the Lok Sabha polls, the Union Cabinet Monday cleared a 10 per cent job and education quota for “economically weaker” sections, meeting a key demand of upper castes, a staunch BJP support base which has shown signs of a drift from the party.

A top government functionary said a constitutional amendment bill will be tabled in Parliament Tuesday, the last day of the Winter Session.


3. Will go above 50%Will go above 50%

The proposed reservation will be over and above the existing 50 per cent reservation enjoyed by the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes, taking the total reservation to 60 per cent.

The constitutional amendment bill would be required as the constitution does not provide for reservation on the ground of economic conditions. It envisages amendment to the Articles 5 and 6.


4. Will give reservation to the poor

Will give reservation to the poor

A Union minister said the bill once passed will amend the Constitution accordingly to give reservation to the poor among the general castes and classes.

“The bill will provide a shelter for upper castes under the rubric of fundamental rights. The court’s rule of the maximum 50 per cent quota cannot fetter Parliament’s right to amend the Constitution,” he said.


5. SC cap?

SC cap?

In its famous Indra Sawhney judgement, the Supreme Court had set a cap of 50 per cent cap on quotas. Government sources said the proposed constitutional amendment will pave the way for the additional quota.

“The reservation will be given to those economically weaker people who presently do not avail any benefits of reservation,” a source said.


6. Castes likely to benefitCastes likely to benefit

Among the major castes to benefit from the proposed law are Brahmins, Rajputs (Thakurs), Jats, Marathas, Bhumihars, several trading castes, Kapus and Kammas among other Upper Castes.

The poor among the other religions will also benefit from it, sources added. The Congress described the government’s decision as an “election gimmick” to fool the people and a proof of BJP’s “fear” of losing Lok Sabha polls.


7. Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas

Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas

The BJP hailed the move with several leaders describing it as historic and exercise in sync with government’s motto of “Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas” (with all, development for all).

BJP ally and Dalit leader Ram Vilas Paswan also termed the decision by the government as “historic”.


8. Opp parties must support

Opp parties must support

The BJP believes that if opposition parties, whose support is a must for its passage in the Rajya Sabha where the government lacks numbers, vote against it, then they will risk losing support of an influential section of society.

Influential castes like Marathas, Kapus and Jats have hit the streets in the last few years, seeking reservation benefits. Their protests at times have turned violent.


9. What about states?What about states?

Though governments in states like Haryana, Rajasthan and Maharashtra have made laws, they are often struck down by the court on the ground of a Supreme Court judgement in the Indra Sawhney case had fixed a ceiling of 50 per cent on reservation.

The apex court has also asserted that the Constitution makes no case for quota on economic ground and only talks of educational and social backwardness besides those for the SCs and STs.

He added that the demand for providing quota to the poor from the general castes was made in the constituent assembly too.

“For the first time, we (govt) are now going to give constitutional recognition to the poor from the upper castes,” he said.


10. Criteria


The bill is likely to introduces criteria like an annual income below Rs 8 lakh and not owning more than five acres of agricultural land for those seeking quota benefits.

They should also not own a flat of 1000 sq ft or more, land of 100 yards in notified municipality area and 200 yards in non-notified area, sources said.

The ruling BJP hopes that the bill will help consolidate the general castes in its support as it begins campaign for the Lok Sabha elections scheduled in April-May.


11. Wooing UC?

Wooing UC?

Political watchers believe that sections of upper castes had drifted from the party of late following its aggressive push to win over backward classes and Dalits.

The Modi government’s decision to bring a law to nullify a Supreme Court order, which critics said had diluted provisions in a law on atrocities against Dalits and tribes, was also used by some upper castes groups to campaign against the BJP in recent state polls.

The BJP had lost to the Congress in three states, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh, where it was in power.





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SC reserves order on EC, Congres row over errors in Madhya Pradesh rolls

The Supreme Court on Monday reserved its order on a major row between the Election Commission and the Congress over alleged acts of omission and commission over the electoral rolls in poll-bound Madhya Pradesh.

However, the top court said it would separately examine a plea by Congress leaders Kamal Nath and Sachin Pilot on the need to verify at least 10% per cent of VVPATs to ensure poll purity.

The hearing on Monday was again marred by accusations and crossaccusations by Congress leaders, represented by senior advocate Kapil Sibal and EC counsels senior advocate Vikas Singh and Amit Sharma.
Sibal was flanked by senior advocates Vivek Tankha and Anoop G Chaudhari. Varun Chopra was assisting Sibal.
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MP election 2018: Congress gave false electoral rolls to mislead court, says EC

The Election Commission and Congress leaders traded accusations in the Supreme Court over the veracity of documents produced by the party to claim that electoral rolls in Madhya Pradesh were full of errors, prompting the top court to ask both sides to file affidavits to back their stands.

The EC, through Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) president Vikas Singh, accused the Congress of producing in court portions of electoral lists in MP which were not true.

“They are trying to prejudice the court with wrong documents and get relief,” Singh charged. Singh also refused to hand over the entire electoral rolls in MP to the party leaders, saying that it cannot “hand over data which can be mined”.

Instead, he insisted, that the EC was doing all it can, including using software analysis, to check facts and figures.

He contested some names which the Congress leaders had charged were duplicates to claim that they had produced wrong facts with intent to get relief from the court.

Senior advocate Kapil Sibal vehemently contested this version. He said that the data had been collected from public sources and that they were only trying to establish its authenticity. He denied the allegation that the party was trying to mislead the court.

The EC had in Rajasthan conceded the Congress demand to give them word files of the electoral rolls for verification. Senior Congress leader Kamal Nath has since accused the EC of going back on its stand and denying the party the list for Madhya Pradesh.

The EC has, so far, resisted handing over the requisite data ahead of the impending polls.

The standoff forced the bench led by Justice AK Sikri to ask both sides to file affidavits in support of their case. He was sitting alongside Justice Ashok Bhushan. Affidavits are sworn statements made to the court.

Sibal also demanded to know why the EC hadn’t taken any action so far against websites which were unauthorisedly reproducing the electoral rolls.

Kamal Nath had on August 10 filed a petition seeking a direction to the EC to ensure proper verification of electoral rolls to weed out duplicate voters in the interest of free and fair polls to the state Assembly.

His petition had also demanded compulsory cross-verification of EVM vote counts with the Voter Veri fiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) in the forthcoming polls.

Election Commission must retain credibility of Seshan’s days: Apex Court

The Supreme Court on Thursday said the credibility the Election Commission gained when it was headed by T.N. Seshan should be seen in the conduct of the upcoming Madhya Pradesh Assembly elections.

“We want it (credibility) to remain here also (in providing the voters list),” a bench of Justice A.K. Sikri and Justice Ashok Bhushan said while deciding to hold a hearing on the plea seeking voters list to weed out bogus voters.

Madhya Pradesh-based Jaya Thakur has moved the top court seeking directions to the Election Commission.

Pointing to the acts of omission and inaction on the part of the Centre, the Election Commission and the State Election Commission in Madhya Pradesh, the petitioner contended that it would impede a free, fair and unbiased election set for later this year.

The court on Thursday asked the Election Commission to dwell on what it meant by the text mode voters list backed with documents and authorities.

Directing the listing of the matter on October 4, the court said that the credibility the Election Commission acquired during Seshan’s time should continue.